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Captain Arthur TREMAYNE - 13th Light Dragoons


Birth & early life

Born at Spring Gardens, New Street, London, on the 15th of May 1827, the son of John Hearle Tremayne, Esq., of Lolgan, Cornwall, and Sydenham, London, and his wife, Catherine Matilda, daughter of Sir William Lemon, 1st Baron Carclew.

Educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.


Cornet in the 13th Light Dragoons: 11th of September 1846.

Lieutenant, 13th Light Dragoons: 29th of October 1847.

Captain, 13th Light Dragoons: 4th of April 1851.

Rode with "E" Troop at Balaclava. He was known in the Regiment as "Jos".

Brevet-Major, 13th Light Dragoons: 12th of December 1854.

Major, 13th Light Dragoons: 31st of May 1859.

Lieutenant-Colonel, and assumed the command of the regiment: 21st of February 1860.

Retired, by the sale of his commission, on the 14th of May 1861.

Campaign service

Captain Tremayne served the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the reconnaissance of the Danube under Lord Cardigan, affairs of the Bulganak and MacKenzie's Farm, battles of the Alma, Balaclava (horse shot) the Tchernya, Siege of Sebastopol; also present with the Light Brigade at Eupatoria. (Medal with three Clasps, Brevet of Major, Knight of the Legion of Honour and the 5th Class Order of the Mejidie; also the Turkish Medal.)

Medals & commemorations

Entitled to the Crimean medal with clasps for Alma, Balaclava and Sebastopol, the Turkish Medal, Legion of Honour and the Order of the Medjidie, 5th Class.

Life after service

1861 Census

19, Half Moon Street, St George's Hanover Square, Westminster.

Caroline M Tremayne, 72, widow, born London.

Arthur Tremayne [son], 33, Lt. Col. half pay, London.

Lady F.M. Tremayne, 28, Ireland.

Four servants are also shown.

Death registered

Frances M Tremayne [first wife], June Quarter 1866, Falmouth.

Marriage registered [second]

Arthur Tremayne married Emma Penelope Phillpotts [sic], September Quarter 1870, Truro.

1871 Census

Padstow, Cornwall.

Arthur Tremayne, 43, visitor, High Sheriff, St Martin in the Field.

Emma P Tremayne, 28, Gwennap, Cornwall.

Caroline M Tremayne, 10, Scotland.

Guests of Charles Brune, Magistrate, his wife and 8 children.

Ten servants are also shown.

Births registered

Arthur H Tremayne, December Quarter 1872, Falmouth.

Alice Opre [sic] Tremayne, March Quarter 1875, Falmouth.

1881 Census

Carclew, Mylor, Falmouth.

Arthur Tremayne, 53, Lieut-Colonel Cavalry (retired), born [St George's? St Martin's?] London.

Emma Tremayne, 38, Gwennap, Cornwall.

Arthur E Tremayne, 8, Mylor, Cornwall.

Alice Opie Tremayne, 6, Mylor, Cornwall.

A governess and 10 servants are also shown.

1891 Census

Carclew House, Mylor, Falmouth.

Arthur Tremayne, 63, JP, Lieut. Col retired, born St Martin in the Field.

Emma P Tremayne, 48, Gwennap.

Arthur H Tremayne, 18, Mylor.

Alice O Tremayne, 16, Mylor.

Two nieces and a visitor are also shown.

Fifteen servants are also shown.

1901 Census

Carclew, Mylor, Falmouth.

Arthur Tremayne 73 Lieut. Colonel retired, born St Martin in the Field.

Emma P Tremayne, 58, Gwennap.

Arthur H Tremayne, 27, Mylor.

Fourteen servants are also shown.

Death and burial

He died at his family seat, Carclew, near Penryn, Cornwall, on the 14th of November 1905, aged 78 years. He was buried in a vault in the North Transept of Mylor Church on the 17th of November. His wife, Mary Emma Penelope, who was born in August of 1842 and died in May of 1915, was later buried next to him.

Death registered

Arthur Tremayne, 78, December Quarter 1905, Falmouth.

In Mylor Church there are memorials on the wall of a small chapel and in what is now a vestry:

"In memory of Arthur Tremayne, late Lieut.-Col. 13th Light Dragoons, of Carclew in this parish. Born May 15th 1827 - Died November 14th 1905, aged 78."

"In memory of William Francis Tremayne, late Captain, 4th Dragoon Guards, of Carclew in this parish, who died February 13th 1930, aged 67 years. May he rest in peace."

Extracts from the "Royal Cornwall Gazette", 16th of November 1905:

"Death of Colonel Tremayne"

"After an illness of two months, Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Tremayne, of Carclew, passed away peacefully on Tuesday about 2 p.m. to the great regret of a large circle of relatives and friends.

When his medical adviser (Dr. Blamey, of Penrhyn) discovered the gallant Colonel to be seriously ill, and requisitioned the expert services of Dr. Clay, of Plymouth, his patient would not be convinced of the seriousness of his malady, but after all the care and skill of medical science, life was only able to be prolonged for a few weeks.

It was difficult to restrict him from the routine of his daily life. He was an ideal patient, bearing pain and suffering with the utmost fortitude. But as he gradually became weaker, and for several days his life had been despaired of, the whole of the members of the family were summoned to Carclew and they were all present when the Colonel passed away.

Throughout his illness Mrs. Tremayne scarcely left the side of her husband, administering to his every want, and now that the blow has fallen the deepest sympathy will be extended to all the members of the family in their great bereavement.

Few men were better known in county circles and better loved than Colonel Tremayne. He was a man at times with a very brusque manner, savouring of the old military man that he was: but at heart he was the kindest and gentlest of men.

It has often been said that if we are to judge a man we must hear what is said of him at home. The testimony of all at Carclew, and in the parish of Mylor, with which he was most identified, is that he was a real old English gentleman and beloved by all.

He was no absentee landlord, for he lived amongst his people, loved the old demesne, and took the greatest pride in the beautiful grounds of Carclew and the shrubs and trees that had been planted by his uncle, Sir Charles Lemon and others before him. The poor of the neighbourhood had ever in him and his wife, real friends. The gallant Colonel was ever amongst them, fraternised with them, helped them and was indeed one of them: and his tenantry ever found in him a considerate landlord.

There were few things of an important public nature with which he was not in some way associated. He was from the first an active member of the Truro Cathedral Committee, and Mrs. Tremayne's name will ever stand out as the one woman who was able to rally round her the women of Cornwall in raising their contribution to the Cathedral, its handsome internal fittings.

With the Royal Cornwall Infirmary he was also closely identified. Indeed, he was as faithful to its business as to his own private interests, as well as being a liberal supporter financially.

Scarcely a meeting of the Council passed without his presence, and remembering that the Council meets weekly, and that the Colonel lived several miles away, that is no mean record for a man of his years. Then again, his voice and pockets were ever at the disposal of the Royal Cornwall Sailor's Home, and was of his last public duties was connected with the inauguration of the new Hospital connected with that institution, when Sir Lewis Beaumont laid the foundation-stone, under his presidency.

Of the Royal Cornwall Agricultural Association he was a most valued member, and his counsel was always listened to with the greatest respect. He was a past-president of that institution and was a tower of strength in its deliberations.

Another of the philanthropic institutions with which his name was familiar was the Cornwall Home for Destitute Girls. He was also amongst the most respected visiting justices for the governing of the county asylum. He was a director of the Falmouth Savings Bank and of the King Harry Steam Ferry Company, which he was largely instrumental in establishing.

But even more essentially county associations demanded his earnest attention. He had been from the establishment of the County Council a representative from the Mylor Division, and his jocose, as well as thoroughly practical council, had won him the esteem of that important body. For many years he filled a place on the county bench of magistrates with distinction to himself and to the satisfaction of all concerned, and in the old days of the Quarter Sessions as a local governing body, he was a prominent member, and a useful one.

He was a Deputy-Lieutenant of the County and had passed through the office of High Sheriff. He had also taken his place in the Parliament of the nation. A staunch thorough-going Conservative, he stood for Truro, having as his opponent, Mr. Brydges Williams, whom he defeated by a small majority. It cost money to fight a seat in those days, and it has been said, on retirement in 1870 from the representation of the borough, the Colonel jocularly remarked that he was not quite prepared to sacrifice Carclew.

He was a Churchman of the broad-minded type, and whilst an adherent to the Anglican Communion, held his views in charity with his reasonable fellow-Christians of the Dissenting schools. Village Methodism had frequently to thank him for its chapels and school premises, and he not infrequently opened their new edifices and spoke words of kindness and sympathy to them.

Colonel Tremayne's mother was a sister of the second, and last, baronet of Carclew, Sir Charles Lemon, and he dying without living issue, Colonel Tremayne succeeded by will to the property in March of 1868...

[Then follows a resume of his ancestry, military career, marriages, etc., ending with the comment] He was wounded early in the engagement at Balaclava and went through most of the charge, having had his horse shot under him, holding onto the stirrup-strap of one of the troopers...

Later in the campaign he was on one occasion laid out as dead, from cholera. Few details of Colonel Tremayne's actual exploits on the battle-field are forthcoming, as he would rarely recount his own personal experiences, and then he always referred to the 'Charge of the Light Brigade' as an ordinary incident in warfare...

Extracts from the "Royal Cornwall Gazette", 23rd of November 1905:

Funeral of Colonel Tremayne

Amid appropriately sweet surroundings, with a simple yet noble grandeur characteristic of his life, the remains of Colonel Arthur Tremayne of Carclew were interred on Friday afternoon last in the family vault. The coffin was carried from the house by workmen from the estate, the oldest tenants acting as pall-bearers, and as it was placed in the hearse a silence and great awe fell upon the waiting multitude, and no words can describe the sense of dreary isolation and poignant sorrow which filled the heart.

Silent and uncommunicative, they watched the precious burden start on its last long journey, overwhelmed by the consciousness of a great bereavement. There was no hypocrisy about the people watching, no show of sentiment, no feeling that they were doing what conventionality required. Deep in the hearts of all was the reality of regret and the sincerity of reverence.

As the slender graceful figure of the widow, who for long years has nobly shared in the life and work that her loved one followed and loved, now followed the coffin with sad face, pale with the marks of sorrow, both men and women gave vent to uncontrollable grief.

[Then follows a list of family mourners and close friends.]

The coffin was contained in a lead shell lined with silk, the outer coffin being of panelled oak, upholstered, with massive brass fittings. The inscription was: 'Arthur Tremayne, died 14th November 1905, aged 78.' A posse of the police, under Supt. Endean, and the tenantry walked in front of the hearse, and following came a carriage heavily laden with beautiful floral tokens. The coffin was also covered with wreaths, as was the roof of the hearse.

Quietly and orderly, those who had come to join in the four mile march to Mylor church fell in behind the mourning carriages, and as the procession wound its way along the gravelled drive, slow pacing in the single file as they were, the clatter of the horses' feet seemed part of the funeral march, and beat time to its solemn cadences. At many points along the route knots of people assembled to watch the procession pass and it was with tear-dimmed eyes and bared heads as they beheld the casket which contained all that was left of their dear squire.

Mylor Bridge was a village of mourning, flags drooping at half-mast, shuttered shops and houses with drawn blinds were all outward tokens of the people's grief. Representatives of all ranks and classes had assembled at the church to join in the last sad rites, and the cortege was met at the entrance to the church-yard by the Revd. B.G. Parker, Vicar of Mylor, who conducted the service, Precentor Corfe, of Truro Cathedral, who represented the Bishop of the Diocese, who is ill, and Chancellor Worledge, also of the Cathedral, representing the Dean and Chapter.

The black throng passed from the sunlit road into the deep quiet darkness of the church, there to listen in silence and sorrow to the low echoing notes of the funeral marches, the plaintive intoning of the funeral service and the clear voices of the choir.

As the procession entered the church the organist, Mr. J. Ashton, played "O' Rest in the Lord" and as the surpliced choir and the congregation sang "Peace, perfect peace." As the coffin was being borne to the Carclew vault under the North Transept aisle, the organist played the Dead March in "Saul" and during the service at the vault the choir and great assembly sang with all solemnity, 'On the resurrection morning.'

The emotion which stirred all hearts, swelling high with the full volume of a sincere love, sinking low with the depth of strong grief, concluded with the grand chords of triumphant faith which attuned all hearts to the proud consolation that he, who had been one of them, had passed into God's presence, leaving no enemy on earth...

At Redruth Board of Guardians on Friday, the Revd. A. Oxland, in moving a vote of condolence with the family of the late Colonel Tremayne, referred to the deceased's splendid efforts during the late Boer War as the treasurer and secretary of the Soldier's and Sailor's Families Association, which afforded welcome relief to thousands of distressed families during the absence of husbands and breadwinners. The country had experienced the greatest loss in the death of such an honourable and upright Cornishman...

A correspondent, writing from Perran-ar-worthal, says:

'By the death of Colonel Tremayne at Carclew the inhabitants of the parish have sustained an irreparable loss - that of a true gentleman... Although his seat was in the parish of Mylor, he was always regarded as one of our own, and to him many would go for help and advice. His urbanity of character had not prevented the poorest of the inhabitants from approaching him, and should he ever be taking a stroll through our little hamlet, as was his wont, anyone meeting and greeting him received a courteous reprociation.'

When the gallant gentleman was stricken down by his last illness, the enquiries made as to his progress throughout that ordeal were numerous. The majority of callers held tenaciously to the hope that he would be spared a little longer, but when the news of his death became known, there was a hushed silence amongst the inhabitants, testifying to the bitterness of the blow.

Of the good works performed during his long residence with us, and over our county, in spite of all that has been already reported in the columns of last week's issue of the Royal Cornwall Gazette, it may be said "that only half has been told" of the true record of his noble life and character.

His loss will be keenly felt by the members of the Carclew Habitation of the Primrose League, of which his good lady was the Ruling Councillor, and himself treasurer and secretary. He strove hard to maintain that association in good working and financial order, and many will miss his stalwart figure and homely chat at its annual gatherings.

On Friday, the day of his funeral, the blinds were drawn in most of the principal residences in Perran-ar-worthal as a tribute to his memory, and to see the inhabitants wending their way towards Carclew to pay their last respects to a departed friend was of itself a token of the high esteem in which he was held by them.

Much sympathy is extended to Mrs. Tremayne and her family in their sad bereavement. At St. Piran's church on Sunday the choir sang special hymns and the organist, Miss Trewick, played "O' Rest in the Lord" and the Dead March in 'Saul". The Revd. Dawtry made reference to the lately deceased gentleman at the morning service, the deceased being an occasional worshipper there."

He had married twice, his first wife being Frances Margaret, daughter of John Hely-Hutchinson, the Earl of Donoughmore, whom he had married on the 22nd of September 1858, and secondly to Emma Penelope, daughter of the Revd. Thomas Philpotts of Portywidden, Cornwall, whom he had married on the 15th of September 1870.

Of the sons born of his first marriage, William Francis Tremayne served as a Captain in the 4th Dragoon Guards and later as a Major in the 1st Bn. of the Cornwall Volunteers in 1917, and John Hearle Tremayne, who served in the 13th Hussars, reaching the rank of Major before his retirement in 1905.

He served in South Africa, 1899-1902, being mentioned in despatches by Sir Redvers Buller, Lord Roberts, and Lord Kitchener. He received the Q.S.A. medal with four clasps, the K.S.A. with two, and the Royal Humane Society medal in bronze on the 15th of May 1900.

The deed for which he received the R.H.S. medal was for attempting to save the life of a man swept away in a river. This had occurred when troops were attempting to cross a swiftly-flowing rocky bottomed river. Two privates were swept away, one being saved almost immediately by another officer, but the second, hampered by his accoutrements, was drowned, in spite of the efforts of Captain Tremayne and a trooper of the Natal Carabiners.

Captain Tremayne got into difficulties and would also have lost his life had it not been for the Natal trooper. The latter also received the bronze medal and the first officer (Lieutenant Wise) the silver... He also compiled a record of the services of the 13th Hussars in South Africa, and later served in India in 1904."

Extract from "The History of Cornwall's Royal Engineers":

"Although the appointment of Honorary Colonel was purely honorary, and likely to render only as much - or as little - as he thought fit, this was not so with Colonel Tremayne. He took a very active interest in the welfare of the regiment and encouraged and supported it by every means in his power. It is noteworthy that no officer has ever been appointed as Hon. Colonel of the regiment since the death of Colonel Tremayne."

Further information

1911 Census

Bothwicks, Newquay, Cornwall.

Emma P Tremayne, 68, widow, Private means, born Gwennap.

Arthur Tremayne, 38, Private means, Mylor.

Three servants are also shown.

Death registered

Emma P Tremayne [second wife], 88, June Quarter 1931, Truro.

Death registered

Arthur H Tremayne [son], 81, September Quarter 1954, St Austell.

References & acknowledgements

Additional birth, marriage and death registrations, and Census information for 1861-1911, kindly provided by Chris Poole.

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