Born in Camberwell, London.
Enlisted at London on the 7th of May 1851.
Height: 5' 9".
Appearance: Fresh complexion. Brown eyes. Brown hair.
From Private to Corporal: 1st of July 1858.
Corporal to Sergeant: 4th of October 1863.
Re-engaged at Aldershot for a further 12 year period of service on the 20th of November 1862.
Appointed to Troop Sergeant Major on the 8th of August 1868.
Reverted to Sergeant "at his own request," on the 18th of February 1873.
Was a Sergeant Instructor of Fencing whilst serving.
Discharged from Aldershot on the 6th of May 1873 as "Unfit for further service — Has Phthisis Pulmonalis. The disease has been slow and insidious in its progress and has not been aggravated by any particular service — probably due to hereditary sources. Has permanent disease of the lung with a cavity in the upper lobe of the left. He cannot contribute towards earning his livelihood."
Served 21 years 328 days. In Turkey and the Crimea: 2 years. Canada, 2 years 11 months.
Aged 40 years 10 months on discharge.
Conduct: "very good." Would, if not promoted, be in the possession of five Good Conduct badges.
Awarded a pension of 2/- per day.
Five times entered in the Regimental Defaulter's book.
Never tried by Court-martial.
To live at No. 8 Vine Terrace, Waterloo Road, London.
Next of kin: (in (1867) wife, Margaret Smith. Is shown on the Regimental "Married roll" from the 2nd of December 1867.
His documents make no mention of the Crimean medals, but only of the medal for Long Service and Good Conduct.
Entitled to the Crimean medal with clasps for Alma, Balaclava, Inkerman, and Sebastopol and the Turkish medal.
Awarded the Long Service & Good Conduct medal on the 22nd of January 1870, with a gratuity of £5.
Died in the Carlisle Pension District on the 29th of March 1875.