Born at Aston, Hertfordshire, c.1833.
[PB: EJB's notes say Warwickshire, but actually Aston, near Stevenage, Hertfordshire.
When Joseph married in 1858 his father's name was given as David Doughton. Using this information it has been possible to build a plausible partial family tree, but it needs verification.
A David Doughton, the son of Josias and Mary, was baptised 22 January 1786 in Benington, Herts. Benington is only two or three miles from Aston (and both are east of Stevenage). This is fairly consistent with an age of "50" in the 1841 Census (which rounded adult ages to the nearest 5).
A David Doughton (already a Widower) married a Maria Craft (Spinster) in Stevenage in 1813. Both made their mark. Maria Craft, daughter of Richard and Sarah Craft, was baptised 19 November 1790. It is possible they are Joseph Doughton's parents.
In 1839 a David Doughton (Widower, Labourer, father's name Joseph, Labourer) married an Anne White (Widow, father's name Benjamin Field, Butcher) in the Parish Church, Aston, Herts (The Herts Marriages Transcriptions say Yardley). Both bride and groom made their mark. Although shown together in the 1841 Census below, the ages of the children in the 1841 Census imply Anne was not their mother.]
David Dowtin [sic], 50, Agricultural Labourer.
Ann Dowtin, 50.
Joseph Dowtin, 9.
Enlisted at Westminster on the 21st of December 1850.
Age: 19 [but he may have been 17 or 18].
Height: 5' 8".
Features: Fair complexion. Hazel eyes. Brown hair.
[PB: A miner, in Hertfordshire? Or if not there, where?]
Piershill Barracks, Leith.
Joseph Doughton, 20, Private soldier, born Flatford (?).
[CP: there is no reference to the regiment but the 13th were indeed here at this time.]
[PB: I have not found a "Flatford" in Hertfordshire. It is not possible to view the Scottish returns online, and it is possible the transcription is erroneous.]
Absent from the 15th of October 1851, shown as a deserter from the 16th of December 1851, and rejoined the regiment on the 13th of March 1852. Tried by a District Court-martial on the 29th of March for "desertion and losing his necessaries" and sentenced to 120 days' imprisonment, with hard labour, and to be marked with the letter "D". He was released on the 26th of July 1852.
[PB: Check the dates. His WO97 appears to say he was court-martialled on 29 March 1853. Also, since he was marked with the "D" as a deserter, would this not have been noticed and perhaps condemned when he gave popular lectures on the Crimean War in 1856 (see below)?]
Embarked for the Crimea aboard the H.T. "Culloden" on the 10th of May 1854.
Seriously wounded in action at Balaclava, and his horse was shot under him. When discharged, in 1855, he was described as "Disabled from wound of right elbow from gun-shot fracture."
In the official casualty list he was wrongly named as "Joseph Douglas".
Sent to Scutari from the hospital at Balaclava aboard the "Australia" and was at Scutari from the 23rd of November 1854. He was later invalided to England on the 11th of January 1855.
At Fort Pitt, Chatham, Invalid Depot [? from the 11th of March 1855 until the 30th of June], when he was sent "on furlo, pending discharge", to Coventry.
Joseph Doughton was among the wounded soldiers seen by Queen Victoria on her visit to Brompton Barracks, Chatham, 3rd of March 1855.
He was finally discharged from the Chatham Invalid Depot on the 16th of October 1855 as "Disabled from wound of right elbow from gun-shot fracture."
[PB: His WO97 papers say he was discharged "having been found unfit for further Military Service", and his chracter and conduct "have been on the whole good".]
Served 4 years, to count.
Conduct and character: "Indifferent". Not in possession of any Good Conduct badges.
He was granted a pension of 8d. per day.
Entitled to the Crimean medal with clasps for Alma, Balaclava, and Sebastopol.
Joseph Doughton is known to have moved around a lot after his discharge, including living in Bury, Isle of Man (1.5.1857), Cambridge (1.7.1859), and the No. 2 London Pension District. By 1861 he had married and become a "Victualler" in Sawston, Cambridgeshire.
His memoir, Narrative of Joseph Doughton, late of Her Majesty's 13th Light Dragoons, one of the heroes wounded at Balaclava in the Gallant Cavalry Charge, was published in Birmingham in 1856. (There is a copy and transcription in the "Memoirs" file.)
[PB: Notice the intriguing reference to "Wladislaw's Exhibition of the Late War with Russia".
His Narrative begins:
The various events which led to the late War with Russia, have become matters of history, and are too well known, and have been too often discussed by all persons, to need mention. The possession of the Crimea and its resources, and the construction of a powerful Maritime Fortress in the magnificent Harbour of Sebastopol, were prominent features in that vast scheme of policy by which the genius of the Czar Peter and his successors transformed Muscovy into the Russian Empire, and which ultimately they hoped, by commanding the domination of the Black Sea and its coasts, would be the means of adding some portions of Western Europe to the Empire.
When it was to be considered where the most severe and decisive blow against Russia could be aimed: it became evident that the Crimea was the spot, and that a blow struck home at Sebastopol, together with the consequent destruction of the Emperor's fleet, must at once paralyse, if not annihilate those means of external aggression in the East, against which we found ourselves more particularly arranged in arms...
In April 2015 the EJBA was contacted from New Zealand by Rowan Gibbs. While researching the Hamilton family he had come across a number of references to Joseph Doughton's appearances with Hamilton's Grand Moving Panorama of the War with Russia in 1855-6. We are very grateful to him for contributing this information, not least because it led to the discovery of considerable extra information on Joseph Doughton's time as a lecturer in a number of travelling exhibitions shortly after his return from the Crimea.
Online access to newspaper archives has proved very useful in determining his movements and activities in this period, and in illuminating many facets of the several travelling exhibitions devoted to displaying the Crimean War.
Doughton appears to have travelled as a lecturer with Hamilton's Panorama from about December 1855 to August or early September 1856, then moved to Wladislaw's Exhibition for three months. He was sacked from there in December 1856, shortly after which there was a court case in which both parties accused the other of witholding money due - including receipts from Doughton's Narrative (Nottingham, January 1857). Doughton then moved briefly to Lancaster's in early 1857, and back (probably only briefly) to Hamilton's in July 1857.
PB: Joseph George Doughton, 26, married Caroline Dickinson on the 10th of July 1858 in Hertford, England. Her father was named as John Dickinson.
Joseph George Doughton to Caroline Dickinson, September Quarter 1858, Royston.
Emily Helena Doughton, September Quarter 1859, Royston.
Fanny Caroline Doughton, June Quarter 1861, Linton.
Walter Doughton, June Quarter 1864, Linton.
John Charles Doughton, June Quarter 1867, Linton.
[CP: Note that John Charles was born two years after Joseph Doughton's death.]
High Street, Sawston.
Joseph G Doughton, 29, Chelsea Pensioner & Victualler, born [presumably Onslow St Audrey's, Hatfield], Herts.
Caroline Doughton, 28, Victualler wife, born Buckland, Herts.
Emily H. Doughton, 1, born Buckland.
Joseph George Doughton, March Quarter 1865, Linton, Cambridgeshire.
Died (according to the Pension Books) on the 20th of March 1865 in the No 2 London Pension District.
The death certificate of Joseph George Doughton shows that he died on the 20th of March 1865 at Sawston, Cambridgeshire [PB: FreeBMD appears to say Linton]. He was 33 years of age, and a publican, the cause of death being "Bright's Disease of the Kidneys". A Susan Hack (who had to make her mark) was present at, and the informant of, his the death . (There is a copy in the "Certificates" file.)
According to the Cambridgeshire Burials Transcriptions, he was born in 1833 and died in 1865 at the age of 33. He was buried on the 28th March 1865 in the parish of Sawston, Cambridgeshire.
Grey Hound Inn, Sawston.
Caroline Doughton, 39, widow, Innkeeper, born Buckland.
Emily, 11; Fanny, 10; Walter, 7; John Charles, 3.
Caroline Doughton [widow] to John Harvey Moulton, December Quarter 1871, Linton.
Mt Pleasant, High Street, Sawston.
John Harvey Moulton, 53, Paper maker, born Sawston.
Caroline Moulton, 50, born Herts.
Charles Doughton, 50, born Sawston.
Oliver Moulton, 4 , born Decenber Quarter 1876, Sawston.
Fred Moulton, 8, born March Quarter 1873, born Sawston.
One lodger is also shown.
Mount Pleasant, High Street, Sawston.
John H Moulton, 63, paper maker, born Sawston.
Caroline Moulton, 58.
Emily Doughton, 29.
Oliver Moulton, 14
Four lodgers are also shown.
John Hervey (sic) Moulton, aged 65 years, March Quarter 1893, Linton.
Mt Pleasant, Sawston.
Caroline Moulton, 68, Widow, Landlady, born Buckland.
Two boarders are also shown.
Caroline Moulton, aged 78 years, June Quarter 1910, Farnham.
In 1983 the vicar of St. Mary's, Sawston,c published a Surname Index (which he had compiled over a twenty-five-year period) of all those whose living in the village whose names appeared in the parish records for one reason or another.
The name "Doughton" appeared for the first time following the baptism of Caroline Fanny, who was baptised on the 28th of July 1861, the daughter of Joseph George and Caroline Doughton. This was followed by the baptism of a son, Walter, on the 19th of June 1864, and the burial of Joseph George Doughton, on the 28th of March 1865. The next entry is that forJohn Charles, son of Caroline Doughton, Publican, on the 17th of July 1867 [sic]. A local Directory for 1869 shows her as the licensee of "The Greyhound' public house, probably the one her husband held (although there were three others in the village) but no details for the period are available.
The next available Directory, that for 1871, shows a change of tenant. Whether the family remained in the village for any length of time after this is not clear, although the last entry of all shows the marriage of Caroline Fanny to William Gurton Greenwood, a schoolmaster of Newington, on the 31st of July 1886.
In the same survey the vicar recorded the name details on all the identifiable gravestones in the churchyard (and their location on a plan) but nothing is shown for Joseph Doughton. There were a number of stones which were too worn to be readable and his could have been one of these, if indeed a headstone was ever erected.
Registration of marriages and deaths, and Census information for 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 & 1901, kindly provided by Chris Poole.
We are very grateful to Rowan Gibbs for contacting the EJBA in April 2015. While researching Hamilton's Grand Moving Panorama of the War with Russia he had come across a number of references to Joseph Doughton in 1855-6. The information he provided alerted us to the rich seam of information in contemporary local newspapers both about Doughton's life and the several travelling Crimean war exhibitions that were criss-crossing Britain at this time.